Aging Eyes: Age-Related Vision Problems and Treatments

Aging Eyes: Age-Related Vision Problems and Treatments

Approximately one in three Americans who are at least 65 years old has some form of vision impairment, half of which cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. The risk of eye disease increases with age, so we feel it is important to help seniors recognize the signs and symptoms of vision loss. Every September, we celebrate Healthy Aging Month to raise awareness of the need to take care of your eyes as you age.

Common Age-Related Eye Disorders and Disease

  • Presbyopia is a vision disorder that makes it hard to see small print or close items. Side effects of presbyopia can include headaches while reading or focusing up-close for an extended period. Presbyopia is common in adults over 40 and is usually corrected with reading glasses.
  • Cataracts are cloudy areas that develop in the lens in the eye and is usually related to aging. Cataracts prevent light from passing to the retina and can usually be removed with surgery. Cataract surgery is very safe and is one of the most common surgeries performed around the world. By 80 years old, more than half of Americans have had a cataract.
  • Glaucoma is a condition that causes damage to your optic nerve. It is usually related to increased pressure inside the eye. This condition is one of the leading causes of permanent vision loss and blindness for Americans over 60 years old. Most people with glaucoma have no early symptoms or pain. To detect glaucoma, doctors at Corrective Eye Center will examine the appearance of your optic nerve and test your visual field. Treatment may include oral medications, prescription eye drops, or surgery.
  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a disease that causes vision loss in the center field of vision but does not cause total blindness. There is no cure for advanced AMD, but nutritional supplements may reduce progression, and surgery may also be an option.
  • Diabetic Retinopathy a complication of diabetes that is caused by damage to the blood vessels in the retina. Early symptoms may include blurred vision or blind spots, and total vision loss can occur as the disease progresses. Injections and laser treatments may improve or preserve vision. It is very important that people with diabetes have an eye exam every year.

Prevention and Treatment of Aging Eyes

Whether or not you’re experiencing age-related eye symptoms, it is important to regularly-schedule eye exams to maintain good eye health. Take special precautions if you have a family history of eye disorders and visit your nearest Corrective Eye Center for regular screenings. To get started, call our eye experts at 216-574-8900 or schedule an appointment online.