The cornea is the clear tissue covering the front of your eye and it serves as a barrier against debris, germs, and dirt that can cause damage to the eye. As a result, it can sometimes get scratched, become infected, and develop into a corneal ulcer. Because corneal ulcers can permanently damage your vision or even cause blindness if left untreated, you should learn how they occurs, their symptoms, and the best treatment for corneal ulcers.
How Do Corneal Ulcers Occur?
A corneal ulcer usually results from an eye infection that is either bacterial, viral, or fungal. It usually also stems from a corneal abrasion or scratch. The cornea can be scratched by:
- Abrasion from debris, dust, foreign objects
- Incorrect contact use such as sleeping in them, inadequate disinfection, or prolonged wear outside of the recommended wear time
- Dry eye syndrome
- Chemical burns or other cornea injuries
Corneal Ulcer Symptoms
Because the potential damage is so severe if corneal ulcers are left untreated, be sure to make an appointment if you develop the following symptoms:
- Eye redness
- Pain and soreness
- Feeling like something is stuck in your eye
- Blurry vision
- Excessive tearing and light sensitivity
- Eyelid swelling
- A white spot on the cornea
Sometimes ulcers develop over the entire cornea and may penetrate deeply. They can heal with treatment but may leave a cloudy scar that can potentially impair your vision. Additionally, other complications may arise, such as a deep-seated infection, perforations of the cornea, and displacement of the iris.
Corneal Ulcer Treatment
Your doctor at Corrective Eye Center will use a special dye that lights up any corneal damage with the help of a microscope called a slit lamp. If you have a corneal ulcer, we may prescribe an antibiotic, antiviral, or antifungal eye drop. During that time, you will also be asked to see your eye doctor every day to review its progress.
Also, drops that dilate the eye, such as atropine or scopolamine, can help with pain. They can also reduce the chance of complications. If these medications do not work, you might need a corneal transplant. Our eye doctors specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of corneal disease and injury and will provide the best treatment options.
Make an Appointment with Corrective Eye Center
If you have any of the above symptoms, contact us by calling (216) 574-8900 or click here to schedule an appointment. We would be happy to assist you and provide you with the necessary treatment to get your eyes bright and healthy again!