You’re driving your car at night and the windshield is fogged up, an oncoming car approaches with their lights on, the light hits your fogged windshield and all-of-a-sudden everything is blurred and hard to see. What do you do? Brake? Slow down? Thankfully as the car passes you’re able to see a little bit better, but this exact experience is very similar as to what it feels like if you have cataracts.
What is a cataract?
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision. Most cataracts are related to aging. Cataracts are very common in older people. By age 80, more than half of all Americans either have a cataract or have
had cataract surgery.
A cataract can occur in either or both eyes. It cannot spread from one eye to the other.
What are some of the causes of cataracts?
- Extended periods of time in the sun without sunglasses
- High Blood Sugar
- Regular use of steroid medications
- Exposure to radiation
What are the symptoms of cataracts?
- Cloudy or blurry vision
- Colors seem faded
- Glare. Headlights, lamps, or sunlight may appear too bright. A halo may appear around lights
- Poor night vision
- Double vision or multiple images in one eye. (This symptom may clear as the cataract gets larger.)
- Frequent prescription changes in your eyeglasses or contact lenses
How are cataracts detected?
Visual acuity test: This eye chart test measures how well you see at various distances.
Dilated eye exam: Drops are placed in your eyes to dilate the pupils. Your ophthalmologist uses a magnifying lens to examine your retina and optic nerve for signs of damage and other problems.
Tonometry: An instrument measures the pressure inside the eye. Numbing drops may be applied to your eye for this test.
The symptoms of early cataract may be improved with new glasses, brighter lighting, anti-glare sunglasses, or magnifying lenses. If these options do not help, surgery is the only effective treatment. Surgery involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial lens.
Corrective Eye Center Offers No Needle, No Stitch Cataract Surgery
No-needle, no-stitch cataract surgery can be the right option for some patients. For most patients, only an eye drop anesthetic is needed, making recovery faster. Cataract removal through a small incision requires an ultrasound technique known as phacoemulsification. This method uses only sound waves and fluid to break the cataract into small particles. They are easily washed from the eye. After the cataract has been removed, an intraocular lens implant is placed in the eye. This implant is permanent, lasts a lifetime, and does not need any maintenance. The very small incision heals very quickly, almost always without stitches. Usually, patients resume full activities the next day after surgery, including driving, bending, lifting, golfing, bowling, etc.
If you’re experiencing any of the symptoms described above, contact Corrective Eye Center to schedule an examination and stop missing out on all of life’s beautiful little details! Call 216.574.8900 today.