Diabetes and the Eye

Diabetes is a disorder of glucose metabolism, and affects every organ in the body

The eye is unique, because examination of the interior of the eye allows direct viewing of the blood vessels.

As we examine the inside of your eye, we can view the damage that abnormal blood sugar causes. Blood vessels throughout the body are affected, so the retina provides a “window” to total body health.

Dilated evaluation of the retina allows examination with microscopes and photographs.

Control of blood sugar is important in management of diabetic complications. Leakage in the retina threatens our central vision. Laser treatment is used to “seal” the areas of leakage and to prevent further seepage or hemorrhage. Diabetes can also cause blood vessels to grow abnormally, allowing bleeding, scarring, and significant visual loss.

Annual examinations by an ophthalmologist or other trained eye professional, particularly once the patient has suffered with diabetes for five years or more, are needed to detect diabetic damage early. Early diagnosis and treatment have been shown to reduce blindness in the majority of patients.

Diabetics are also at greater risk for glaucoma damage, blood pressure damage in the retina, infections, and slow healing of corneal abrasions, etc.